PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series

The PRIMAP-hist emissions time series combines several sources of Kyoto greenhouse gases into one dataset. All UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) parties and most non-UNFCCC territories are included, with data for the years 1750 to 2022.

For CO₂, CH₄, and N₂O subsector data for Energy, Industrial Processes and Agriculture is available. Land-use and land-use change data are not included in the main data file. International aviation and shipping emissions are not included.

PRIMAP-hist 2.5.1 (HISTCR): Global Sum by Category

1750
1800
1850
1900
1950
2000
0
10
20
30
40
50 Gt CO₂-eq (AR6 GWP100)
  • Energy
  • Industrial Processes and Product Use
  • Agriculture
  • Waste
  • Other
Source: PRIMAP-hist (HISTCR) 2.5.1

PRIMAP-hist 2.5.1 (HISTCR): Global Sum by Entity

1750
1800
1850
1900
1950
2000
0
10
20
30
40
50 Gt CO₂-eq (AR6 GWP100)
  • CO₂
  • CH₄
  • N₂O
  • F-Gases (AR6 GWP100)
Source: PRIMAP-hist (HISTCR) 2.5.1
PRIMAP-hist comes in two variants, HISTCR, with country reported data used with highest priority, and HISTTP, with third party data used first.

Releases of the PRIMAP-hist dataset

Released: February 27, 2024

Citation: Gütschow, J., Pflüger, M., & Busch, D. (2024). The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.5.1 (1750-2022) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10705513

Years: 1750 – 2022

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR6, AR5, AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • updates mainly third party data
  • CRF data has been updated to the 2023 submissions available at Jan 8th 2024
  • UNFCCC data for non-Annex I countries: includes 2019 data from India’s third National Communication
  • EDGAR data have been updated to the 8.0 release for CO₂, CH₄, and N₂O; as F-gas data have no gas resolution in v8.0 data from v7.0 continues to be used for F-gases
  • Andrew cement emissions data have been updated to the December 2023 version
  • CDIAC data have been updated to the 2023 release

Released: October 15, 2023

Citation: Gütschow, J., & Pflüger, M. (2023). The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.5 (1750-2022) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10006301

Years: 1750 – 2022

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR6, AR5, AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • updates mainly country reported data
  • extends the time series by one year to 2022
  • new and updated input data sources are UNFCCC data for Annex-I and non-Annex-I data, Energy Institute data for fossil fuel CO₂, and cement process emissions data from Robbie Andrew
  • F-gas data are now included from EDGAR v7.0
  • full changelog available in the Zenodo repository

Released: March 15, 2023

Citation: Gütschow, J., & Pflüger, M. (2023): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.4.2 (1750-2021) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7727475

Years: 1750 – 2021

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • minor bugfix release with no new input data and no changes to methods except for a bugfix affecting source harmonization in special cases

Released: February 20, 2023

Citation: Gütschow, J., & Pflüger, M. (2023): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.4.1 (1750-2021) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7585420

Years: 1750 – 2021

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • updates mainly third party data
  • time series are not extended and cover 1750 to 2021
  • UNFCCC CRF data and data from the DI interface have been updated (minor changes)
  • in the third party data category FAOSTAT has been updated to the 2022 release and EDGAR has been updated to v7.0

Released: October 17, 2022

Citation: Gütschow, J., & Pflüger, M. (2022): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.4 (1750-2021) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7179775

Years: 1750 – 2021

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • updated input sources
  • time-lag reduced from two years to one

Released: September 22, 2021

Citation: Gütschow, J., Günther, A., & Pflüger, M. (2021): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.3.1 (1850-2019) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5494497

Years: 1750 – 2019

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • minor bugfix update
  • only new data source is updated cement process emissions data

Released: August 30, 2021

Citation: Gütschow, J., Günther, A., & Pflüger, M. (2021): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.3 (1850-2019) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5175154

Years: 1750 – 2019

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • methodology mainly unchanged, but input sources have been updated where available
  • for early historical data CEDS is used for CH₄ and CO₂
  • the time-series start in 1750 instead of 1850
  • Additionally some bugs have been fixed

Released: February 9, 2021

Citation: Gütschow, J., Günther, A., Jeffery, L., & Gieseke, R. (2021): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series v2.2 (1850-2018) [Data set]. Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4479172

Years: 1850 – 2018

Coverage: Kyoto Greenhouse Gases*, CO₂, CH₄, N₂O, F-gases*, HFCs*, PFCs*, SF₆, NF₃

* Using GWPs from AR4, SAR

Changelog:
  • minor bugfix
  • updated input sources where available
For further releases before version 2.2 see the PRIMAP-hist website.